When using translucent fabrics, make French seams instead of regular plain seams for nicer and more durable result. Denim is a strong and hard-wearing twill weave fabric. Flannell is a brushed lawn or twill weave fabric, with a soft texture on one or both sides.
We all want to look nice and try to stay up to date with the latest fashions. We also need clothing to protect ourselves from the elements, especially in cold regions of the world.
Over the centuries a huge number of clothing fabrics have been found to be both useful and necessary. Over the next few months this website will be giving you information concerning a large selection of different types of clothing fabrics and what they are used for. To list all the types of fabrics there are in the world would fill up pages and pages. But here is a select sample of the common ones, with a few exotic types thrown in.
Acetate is a combination natural and synthetic fibre. The natural element is from the cellulose of wood. Bark cloth is a very old fabric type that was traditionally made and used in parts of Africa, Asia and the Pacific.
It comes from the bark of particular trees native to these regions, whereby strips soaked and then beaten into sheets. Bark cloth was used as a garment and furnishings textile. Blends are a general description of fabrics made of two or more fibres. The idea is to incorporate the distinct characteristics of the separate fibres into one textile. Cheesecloth is a variant of cotton cloth and has a very loose weave.
There are several grades of cheesecloth, ranging from extra-fine to open weaves. Chiffon is a very sheer, light fabric made out of silk, cotton or synthetic fibres.
The twist in the fibres gives it a somewhat rough feel, and the mesh-like weave contributes to its see through properties. Corduroy is a strong, durable fabric with a surface of rounded cord or rib and the back has a plain or twill weave.
It can be made from several textiles including cotton. Cotton is derived from the fibre of the tropical cotton plant. When the cotton flowers bloom and die, a boll remains which ripens and splits open to reveal a white, fluffy interior with seeds — this is the raw cotton. Cotton is the most widely used fabric and is the basis of over 30 types of textiles. The thinner the chiffon, the harder it is to maneuver.
When using translucent fabrics, make French seams instead of regular plain seams for neater and more durable result. Crepe is a plain weave fabric with a rough, crispy surface. Almost any fiber can be used for crepe, but most common materials are cotton, wool, silk, viscose rayon and polyester. Depending on the material, crepe is suitable for a variety of different garments; outerwear, shirts and blouses, trousers, skirts and dresses. Thick and medium weight wool or cotton crepe is relatively easy to use, whereas thinner and more flowing silk and viscose crepes are more challenging.
Denim is a strong and hard-wearing twill weave fabric. Denim is mostly cotton, usually with some elastan for stretch. The classic denim is blue, with white weft yarns. Flannell is a brushed lawn or twill weave fabric, with a soft texture on one or both sides. It is usually made of cotton, but also wool and synthetic fibers are used.
Cotton flannels are most commonly used in shirts, and wool flannel in outerwear. Flannel is a very simple material to use. Fleece is a soft polyester or polyamide knit with a deep pile texture. It is mostly used for sports and outerwear. Fleece is easy to sew, and the garment pieces can be sewn together with an overlocker. Interlock is a very elastic knit with similar right and wrong sides.
Interlock is used in all sorts of elastic garments, such as t-shirts, tops and sportswear. It is relatively simple to use, but be careful not to stretch the fabric while sewing. Jersey is a fine and smooth knit with different right and wrong side. Cotton and viscose are very common materials. Jersey is used in a variety of different garments that require stretch, such as blouses, t-shirts, tops and casual dresses.
It is simple ti sew, but be careful not to stretch the fabric when being sewn. If necessary, you can sew a transparent elastic into some seams for example shoulders , to avoid the seam from stretching out of shape.
Sweatshirt Jersey is a thick and elastic knit with a smooth right side, and rough or soft brushed wrong side. Organza is a translucent, stiff fabric with plain weave. It is usually made of either silk or polyester. Organza is used for evening clothing and fine shirts and blouses. It is moderately challenging to sew, as it is very light.
When using translucent fabrics, make French seams instead of regular plain seams for nicer and more durable result. Satin is actually a type of weave. Satin is usually made of silk or polyester, but also wool and cotton are used.
Light and shiny silk or polyester satins are used in evening gowns and lingerie, thicker wool satin is used for coats, trousers and other outerwear. Depending on the raw material, satin is usually quite a challenging fabric to cut and sew, as it is very slippery and tends to lose its original shape. Taffeta is a stiff and shiny, plain weave material made of silk or polyester. Taffeta is a firm and crisp fabric that is commonly used for evening and wedding gowns.
Tweed is a rough fabric that resembles hand-woven wool. Warp and weft are usually of different yarns, and the texture is rough.
Historically, clothing is, and has been, made from many materials. These materials range from grasses to furs, to much more elaborate and exotic materials. Some cultures, such as the various people of the Arctic Circle, have made their clothing entirely of prepared and decorated furs and skins. Natural materials for clothing include cotton, leather, wool, fur and fabrics made out of silk or flax. Synthetic materials include polyester, nylon, spandex, acetate and rayon. Cotton, derived from the fiber of a cotton plant, is one of the most common materials for clothing. Each fabric is chosen for its impeccable quality and runway worthy characteristics. Evaluated by its hand, stretch, drape, appearance and opacity, every piece is hand .